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Abbreviations & Quilting Glossary

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by , 08-29-2011 at 07:11 PM (3674 Views)

Alphabetical List ** See Below for the list and before the list is links to other websites for more of them:
States in the USA abbreviations

Links for Master Lists:
Short Cuts for chat, email, websites and live chats

List of Master List


Quilting Board Lists for links:


BBT = Be Back Tomorrow
BOB = Beginner’s Only Block (swap)
BOM = Block of the Month
BRB = Be Right Back
BTW = By The Way
Charm Pack = package of pre-cut squares
Charms = Small pieces of fabric, either squares or sometimes hexagons, all different fabrics
COC = cream on cream
CT = Connecting Threads
D4P = Double four patch
D9P = Disappearing Nine Patch
DH = Dear (or Darn) Husband
DIC = Double Irish Chain
Dimes = 10" squares
DIY = Do it yourself
DSM = domestic sewing machine
DWR = Double Wedding Ring
EPP = English Paper Piecing
EQ = Electric Quilt quilting software (also seen as EQ5, EQ6, and now EQ7)

DB Dear (Darling) Brother
DBF Dear (Darling) BoyFriend
DD = Darling Daughter
DDIL Dear (Darling) Daugher-In-Law
DGD = Darling Granddaughter
DGS Dear (Darling) GrandSon
DH Dear (Darling) Husband
D4P Disappearing 4 Patch
D9P Disappearing 9 Patch
DS Dear (Darling) Son / Dear (Darling) Sister
DSIL Dear (Darling) Son-In-Law / Dear (Darling) Sister-In-Law
DSM Domestic Sewing Machine (home sewing machine, not longarm)
DWR Double Wedding Ring (quilt pattern)
EQ Electric Quilt (a software package for designing quilts)
FART Fabric Acquisition Road Trip
FIU Finish It Up
FIUP Finish It UP
FMQ = Free Motion Quilting
FMMW = Free Motion Machine Quilting
FQ = Fat Quarter
GC = Grand Child
GD - Grand Daughter
GFG--Grandmother's Flower Garden
GGK = Grandkids
GS = Grandson
HQ = Hand Quilting
HST = Half-Square Triangle
HSY = Haven’t Started YetHTH Hope That Helps
IMHO =In My Humble Opinion
IMO = In My Opinion
ISO = In Search Of
LAQ= Long Arm Quilter
LOF = Lengthwise of Fabric
LOL = Laugh out Loud
LQS = Local Quilt Shop
MAM = Mile-A-Minute (a modern version of crazy quilt block)
MAQ = Mid-Arm Quilter
MIL = Mother in Law
OBW = One-Block Wonder
OTOH On The Other Hand
PHD = Project Half Done
PIGS = Projects in Grocery Sacks
QST Quarter Square Triangle
ROFL = Rolling on Floor Laughing
ROFLMBO = Roll on Floor Laugh My Butt Off
ROFLOL Rolling On the Floor Laughing Out Loud
SABLE = Stash Accumulation Beyond Life Expectancy
SBS--Sunbonnet Sue
SEX = Stash Enhancing eXperience (or Excursion)
SIL = Son-in-law or Sister-in-law
STASH = Special Treasures All Secretly Hidden
TGIF = Thank God It’s Finished!
TY = Thank You
TOT = Tone-on-Tone
TTYL= Talk to You Later
UFO = UnFinshed Object
WHIMM = Works Hidden In My Mind
WIP = Work In Progress
WISP = Work In Slow Progress
WIVSP = Work In Very Slow Progress
WIWMI = Wish It Would Make Itself
WOF = Width of fabric
WOMBAT = Waste of Money, Batting, and Time
WOW = White On White
WWIT = What Was I Thinking

list to add to master list above:

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D4P = Double four patch
D9P = Disappearing Nine Patch
DH = Dear (or Darn) Husband
DIC = Double Irish Chain
Dimes = 10" squares
DIY = Do it yourself
DSM = domestic sewing machine
DWR = Double Wedding Ring
EPP = English Paper Piecing
EQ = Electric Quilt quilting software (also seen as EQ5, EQ6, and now EQ7)
F8/FE = Fat Eighth
FART = Fabric Acquisition Road Trip
FFO = Finally Finished Object
FIU = Finish It Up
FLIMSY = Finished top, not quilted
FM = free motion quilting
FQ = Fat Quarter
Frog Stitching = ripping out stitched seams (rip it, rip it)
FW = Featherweight
FW = fusible web, no brand specific
GF = girl friend or God forbid or Grandmother's Fan
GFG = Grandmother's Flower Garden
HP = hand piecing
HQ = hand quilting
HST = Half square triangle
HSY = Haven't Started Yet (pronounced hussy)
Jelly Rolls = pre-cut noodles rolled up and sold as a set
KWIM = Know what I mean
LA = LongArmer, professional machine quilter
LAQ = Long Arm Quilter
LAQM = Long Arm Quilting Machine
LMAO = Laughing My Ass off!
LMBO = Laughing my butt off!
LOL = Laugh out loud
LQS = Local Quilt Shop
MAQ = Mid-Arm Quilter
Nickles = 5" squares
Noodles = 2 1/2" by width of fabric
NQR = Not Quilt Related (an alternative to OT)
OBW = One Block Wonder
OSMG = Old Sewing Machine Guy
PFD = fabric that is Prepared For Dyeing
PHD = Project Half Done
PIF+ pay it forward— sending something to someone--- cause it feels good! Free, or for postage only.
PIGs = Project In a Grocery Sack
PIPS = projects in process
PITS = Project In Totes
PIW = project in waiting (waiting to grow up to be a WIP)
PP = paper piecing
QIMM = Quilts in My Mind
QOTD = Question of the day, Quick off topic discussion or quilting off topic discussion
QR = Quilt Related
QST= Quarter Square Triangles
Quilt Candy = Small charm pieces of fabric folded up to look like candy
RR = Round Robin
SABLE = Stash Accumulation Beyond Life Expectancy
SAQM = Short Arm Quilting Machine
SaS = Steam a Seam
SEX = Stash Enhancement EXperience (or eXcursion)
SID = stitch-in-the-ditch quilting
Siggies = Squares of fabric with signatures and often other info written on them
SnW = Stack and Whack
SQ = Simply Quilts
Squishie = Envelopes filled with swap fabric/blocks (squishy is the way they feel)
STASH = Special Treasures All Secretly Hidden
TBQ = To Be Quilted
TGIF = Thank God It's Finished!
TIC = Triple Irish Chain
TOAD = trashed object abandoned in disgust
TOT = Tone On Tone
TUFO = Tuesday UFO night group/WUFO = Wednesday UFO...etc.
UFO = UnFinished Object
USO = UnStarted Object
VIP = Very Important Project
WHIMM = Works Hidden In My Mind
WIMM = Work in my mind
WIP = Work in progress
WISP = Work In Slow Progress
WIVSP = Work In Very Slow Progress
WIWMI = Wish It Would Make Itself
WOA = Work of art
WOF = Width of Fabric
WOMBAT = Waste of Money, Batting, and Time
WOW = White On White
WWIT = What Was I Thinking
xxQG = someplace something Quilting Guild
YBR = yellow brick road
YoYo = A circle of fabric gathered to form a puffy circle

Fancy Signatures:
Go to this link:
and follow the signature wizard instructions.
Once you get what the signature you want, then choose 'want to use this signature'
then choose the 'generate BB code', then 'generate code for my hand written signature'. When the code is created, highlight it and copy it to the signature spot in your profile


Basting: After you layer the back,batting, and top of your quilt, it is then temporarily held together using large stitches, safety pins, or basting spray. This "quilt sandwich" is now ready to be quilted. Once the quilting is complete, the large basting stitches or pins are removed.
Batting: This is the stuffing that goes between the top and the back of your quilt. It can be polyester, wool, cotton or a cotton/polyester blend. Also called wadding in England.
Bearding: Batting fibers which migrate up through the quilt top. They look as if they can be brushed away, but are actually still attached to the batting layer. This most often occurs with polyester batting, especially when used under dark fabric. A good way to avoid this on a dark quilt is to use a dark batting.

Bias: The diagonal grain of a piece of fabric. It has more stretch than either the lengthwise or crosswise grain, and should be handled carefully.

Binding: The final step in making a quilt, these are the strips that enclose the raw edges of your quilt.
Block: Several pieces of fabric sewn together to form one unit or block of a quilt.
Borders: After finishing the center portion of a quilt, you may decide to add strips of fabric to the sides and the top and bottom to either make it look nicer or to increase the size of the quilt.

Chain Piecing: When sewing many pieces of the same size and shape, you can save time and thread by feeding the pieces into the sewing machine one after the other, without even lifting the presser foot. They can then be pressed in one long string, and then cut apart into the individual pieces.
Crazy Quilt: This type of quilt is made using all different sizes of scraps, rather than utilizing individual blocks. The seam lines are often intricately embroidered and embellished with buttons or charms.
Crosswise Grain: This is the grain line that goes at a right angle to the selvedges (ie, across the width of the fabric). There is usually some stretch to the crosswise grain.

Darning Foot: Used for free motion quilting, this sewing machine foot is usually round or oval and made of plastic so you can see through it.
English Paper Piecing: English Paper Piecing is a method of piecing which uses paper as a stabilizer. First, by hand, you baste the fabric to the paper (it is a little heavier than writing paper, but not as sturdy as cardboard). You hand sew right through the fabric and the paper, then you use a whipstitch to sew the sides together. When you have finished your block, then you can remove the basting and the papers, and reuse the paper.
This method has been used for over a hundred years to make Grandmother's Flower Garden, Dresden Plate, and Baby Blocks, to name a few. I have done a whole quilt of Grandmother's Flower garden using 1 1/2" hexagons. It is one I am hand quilting, and will take me a long time to finish. You can see it in "My Quilt Gallery" on my website.

Fat Quarter: A half yard or meter of fabric, cut along the middle fold line to make a "fat" or wide quarter, as opposed to a regular quarter yard or meter which is long and skinny! A fat quarter measures 18x22 or 20x22 (depending on whether you are in a country where yards or meters are sold), whereas a quarter meter/yard of fabric measures 9x44" or 10x44", ie the full width of the fabric.

Finished Size: This is the size of your quilt when finished.
Hand Piecing: Sewing with needle and thread rather than a sewing machine.

Hanging Sleeve: A tube of fabric attached to the back of a quilt in order to hang it on a curtain rod or dowel.
Lengthwise Grain: This is the grain line that runs parallel to the selvedges. There is usually very little if any stretch.
Loft: The thickness or amount of puffiness of your batting. Polyester usually has a higher loft than cotton

Machine Piecing: Using your sewing machine to sew pieces of fabric together.
Machine Quilting: Using your sewing machine to quilt all three layers of your quilt. Also refers to professional machine quilting by someone with a longarm machine.

Marking tools: Refers to chalk, pencils, watersoluble markers etc which you use to mark your quilting pattern on your quilt.

Memory Quilt: A memory quilt is usually made up of photographs transferred onto fabric and used in a quilt. They are particularly great for a special occasion like an anniversary or a special birthday. Scraps from the recipient's clothing or curtains or other "memorabilia" could be incorporated as well.

Mystery Quilt: There are many mystery quilt sites on the internet. It is a mystery because you are given the "clues" for fabric purchase, cutting instructions, and then step by step clues to assemble the quilt -- WITHOUT EVER SEEING THE FINISHED PRODUCT!! It is a mystery to the end. How much fun is that?!! Try it!

Paper Piece: A special way of piecing using a paper pattern, and sewing right through the pattern. Because you have the lines of the pattern to follow, it is very accurate.

Paper Piecing (English): This is a lovely hand piecing method. You baste your fabric around a heavier paper template or other shape, and then whip stitch your pieces together. Usually the papers are removed later, after the block is assembled. Some antique quilts have actually been dated by newspaper which was used for the paper templates and were left in the quilt for added warmth!

Quilt Retreat: The most fun!!!! A group of quilters get together and go away for a few days of sewing and fellowship without all the distractions of home.

Quilt Top: The top layer of your quilt, usually but not always pieced from lots of little bits of fabric.
Quilting Foot: A ¼” presser foot which assists you in sewing a perfect ¼” seam.

Raw Edge: The unstitched edges of a piece of fabric. This sometimes refers to a type of quilting where pieces are left as raw edges in order to add interest to a quilt.
Round Robin: One way to make a group quilt. In a round robin, usually you create a center for a quilt, then hand it off to another person in the group to create the next round. She will hand it off to another for the following round, and so on until the quilt top is finished, at which time it will be turned to you. There may or may not be "rules" for each round, ie, round 2 must be applique and round 3 must be paper pieced, and so on.
Sampler Quilt: This is a quilt in which each block is different. As well as being beautiful, it is a good way to learn to quilt. Because each block is different, you learn a variety of piecing methods.
Sashing or Lattice: The strips of fabric surrounding the blocks in a quilt, for an example, see my beginner sampler quilts. Not all quilts have sashing.
Seam Allowance: Refers to the width of a seam line. Quilters generally use a ¼” seam allowance.
If there is something you may have come across that you don't understand or want an explanation for and don't see in my Quilting Glossary, please contact me and I will add it to the Quilting Glossary.

Selvedge: Also Selvage, comes from the words self edge. This is the lengthwise edge of the woven cotton fabrics that you purchase. The edge is woven more tightly to prevent fraying. Some fabrics have colour dots along one selvedge to help you match co-ordinating fabrics

Shop Hop: Visiting all the quilt shops in a specific area. May be informally organized by you and your friends as a day trip, or sometimes organized by the group of shops as a "special" event with prizes, etc.
Stash: Your fabric collection! This can be small enough to fit into a plastic bin, or it can fill the whole sewing room. It is said that she who dies with the most fabric wins. WHAT she wins we are not sure of.
Stitch in the Ditch: When you quilt in the seam lines of the quilt.
Straight of Grain: The lengthwise straight of grain on fabric runs parallel to the selvedge. It has very little stretch, if any. The crosswise straight of grain is perpendicular (or at right angles) to the selvedge and is a bit more stretchy. In quilting, we are usually cutting along the crosswise grain.

Strip Piece: Instead of cutting long strips into squares and then sewing squares together, you can sew the whole long length of the strips together and then cut them into smaller units. This method saves time as well as thread.

Strip Set: Used in patterns like Double Irish Chain. Like Strip Piecing, you sew lengths of fabric together to make a "set" and then cut across into smaller pieces.

Trapunto: Additional stuffing in certain portions of your quilt to make those parts stand out. In my "Romantic Hearts" quilt, the hearts have been trapuntoed by placing an extra layer of batting underneath. If you want flower stems to stand out, you might insert cording. Its very effective!

UFO: A UFO is any unfinished object and most quilters have them stowed away somewhere. It could be a quilt top that has not yet been quilted, or it could be blocks unassembled, or just pieces of fabric that have been cut for a project. Until it is finished, it will remain a UFO!

Walking Foot: A special presser foot which assists in the machine quilting process. It feeds the fabric from the top while the feed dogs feed from the bottom, thus helping to prevent tucks and puckering on the back of your quilt.

Whole Cloth Quilt: The quilt top is made of one piece of fabric, often muslin with a quilting design printed on it. After quilting, you wash the quilt and the marked design lines disappear. You could also call a preprinted panel (eg. for a baby quilt) a whole cloth quilt as it is one piece of fabric. Some people call this a "cheater" quilt, but I like the term whole cloth quilt so much better!

WOF: Many quilting patterns tell you to cut strips across WOF (width of fabric). This means you fold your fabric with the selvedges together, just as it came from the store, and then cut your strips.
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