I made a rag quilt using green/navy plaid flannel, green solid flannel, and demin. It looks great. The sewing was too much stop and start to be very fun. But the cutting the frayed edges was TERRIBLE. Would never do another one. No, there is no batting in the middle, just 3 or 4 layers of fabric. My son loves it for a TV quilt. But my arthritis from cutting it will last for months. I have seen special cutting shears just for rag quilts, but I sure didn't enjoy it enough to buy the shears. S.