Quiltingboard Forums

Quiltingboard Forums (https://www.quiltingboard.com/)
-   For Vintage & Antique Machine Enthusiasts (https://www.quiltingboard.com/vintage-antique-machine-enthusiasts-f22/)
-   -   Cleaning and repairing the Shellac clear coat on Vintage sewing machine heads (https://www.quiltingboard.com/vintage-antique-machine-enthusiasts-f22/cleaning-repairing-shellac-clear-coat-vintage-sewing-machine-heads-t193635.html)

Glenn 07-04-2012 02:40 PM

Cleaning and repairing the Shellac clear coat on Vintage sewing machine heads
 
2 Attachment(s)
Ok, here we go the first two pics are the supplies and tools needed to do what I do with these old machines. Now remember this will not completely get rid of the blemishes and rough spots on the japan of the machine and this technique will only work on a shellac finish which is 95% of the machines( unless you get an East German machine like Charlee). If you follow these instructions you will do no harm to your machne but if in doubt please ask questions before starting and you may want to practice on something first. Now PLEASE STAY AWAY FROM THE DECALS UNTIL I TELL YOU. I can't be responsible for damages to your machine. Now lets have fun and clean an old machine.

Glenn 07-04-2012 02:44 PM

2 Attachment(s)
The coffee is optional. Ok this is the before pic of the machine in a terrible shape

Glenn 07-04-2012 02:53 PM

3 Attachment(s)
Now at the stage I spray the internal and underneath parts with Plast Buster and while the PB is working I begin to scrub the moving parts with a small wire brush then spray again and then begin the tear down. I only remove the bobbin winder, the motor and light and all the shinny metal parts and the front plate. I do this for easy of cleaning the head. Then all the rusty parts go into a bowl of evaporust.

Glenn 07-04-2012 02:58 PM

1 Attachment(s)
Now use your favorite dish soap. Put some water in a bowl and dish soap work the rag in it to a rich lather and then wash the dirt off the machine then rinse with clean water. The rags I use is white t-shirt and old tighty whities. this type of rag will be used thru out the tut.

Glenn 07-04-2012 03:14 PM

1 Attachment(s)
Now we are going to repair the shellac clear coat as best we can. If you like you can clean the decals with sewing machine oil before starting this. Now wrap your index finger in the t-shirt and apply with a couple of drops of denatured alcohol and and a drop or two of linseed oil and begin to clean the surface in a circular motion and ending in going in one direction by bringing the finger down and lifting off the surface at the end. Now stay away from the decals at this time. This will keep you from sticking to the surface. You want to go in one direction to eliminate the swirl marks. Do this until the surface of the machine is as smooth as it will get. Now remember this will not reverse age of the finish but will improve it 100%. Now wipe over the decals with a little alcohol and linseed on the finger with one little swipe(lighlty). The machine should begin to look clean and shinny. Now dip the wrapped finger in shellac and apply a few drops of linseed oil and go over the decals, this will apply shellac over them to protect them. Do this several time because this method only applies a thin coat each time.

Glenn 07-04-2012 03:24 PM

1 Attachment(s)
Now as far as the pin rash is is what I did. Remove the rust and then Painted the area with and aniline dye stain alcohol soluble that is mixed with shellac to a paint consistency. You can purchase the alcohol soluble stain in Ebony or Negro depending on the company. Any wood workers cat will have it. I buy mine at Lee Valley or Woodworkers supply. It comes in a 0ne once package in powder form that you mix with the alcohol and shellac. It coat about 10.00 for one once but will last you a long time. I mix 1/4 tsp with a tsp of alcohol until desolved and then add a enough shellac to make a paint. If not black enough add more powder. The little jar in the pics of tools is what I use to mix it in. Paint it on the bad spots with a good artist brush. Let cure for a day or two and then you can french polish over it to smooth it out adding more black shellac as needed.

Glenn 07-04-2012 03:35 PM

3 Attachment(s)
After the black finish was to my likeing I took gold paint and repaired the lettering using tape and and an artist fine brush. I am not an artist so bear with me here. After the paint was dry I applied a thin coat of shellac over the decal to protect it using the french polish method. At this point let cure for about a week and wax if desired but it is not needed at this point if you applied a clear coat of shellac over the entire machine. Ok now lets show you the end results of this cleaning of the very nasty machine. To shine the metal parts I used Brasso and a dremel with a cloth buffing pad. Then put it all back together ecept the motor that I will not use. Thanks to Charlee I have a bobbin slide plate to this badged White. Thank you Fiesty. Now ask all the questions you want.


Skipper

Glenn 07-04-2012 03:59 PM

2 Attachment(s)
this is the before and the after together

Bezzer 07-04-2012 04:27 PM

1 Attachment(s)
Well done. I am taking notes as I am new to restoration. Here is a 1922 white. I also have the wooden case in really good shape. I am going to use a product called restore on it as i have used it in the past.
Attachment 346736

irishrose 07-04-2012 04:43 PM

Glenn, it's beautiful. I wish I had time to do my two right away. Thank you so much for the wonderful directions.
Judy

Christine- 07-04-2012 04:58 PM

2 Attachment(s)
Thank you Glenn! I bought a 'boat anchor' Wheeler and Wilson a few weeks ago. It was definitely used a great deal during it's lifetime. The paint is worn away down to bare metal around the spool pin. I'll use your method to bring her back the best I can.

Attachment 346739

Attachment 346740

grayhare 07-04-2012 05:28 PM

Wow, the machine looks beautiful!! The Lettering that you did is PERFECT!! Great tutorial! Thank you!
Anamaria

Silver Needle 07-04-2012 05:57 PM

Glenn, what the heck is Plast Buster, where do we get it and exactly what is it for?

Glenn 07-04-2012 06:05 PM


Originally Posted by Silver Needle (Post 5339543)
Glenn, what the heck is Plast Buster, where do we get it and exactly what is it for?

I get Plast Buster at the auto store, I use it to loosen up rust and and clean all the moving parts. Some use kerosene but I use Plast buster. It is neater and can be sprayed in all the internal parts.

Glenn 07-04-2012 06:18 PM

I also don't use Tri-flow, I use sewing machine oil or a good quality clock oil and only sewing machine lub when needed for motors. Some like the Tri-flow and have had good results. I just dont use it because I am a driven by traditional methods and when the book says sewing machine oil that is what I will use. I think I forgot to mention that after cleaning oil the machine well.

path49 07-04-2012 06:59 PM


Originally Posted by Glenn (Post 5339579)
I also don't use Tri-flow, I use sewing machine oil or a good quality clock oil and only sewing machine lub when needed for motors. Some like the Tri-flow and have had good results. I just dont use it because I am a driven by traditional methods and when the book says sewing machine oil that is what I will use. I think I forgot to mention that after cleaning oil the machine well.

Glad to see you say that! I figure if sewing machine oil & Singer lubricant kept these old machines going this long, it's certainly stood the test of time. That's all I use & my machines run as smooth & quiet as the day they were made.

jeaninmaine 07-05-2012 03:50 AM

Thanks for the great tutorial, Glenn. I have a few machines that have to cleaned and these directions are just what I need. What kind of gold paint did you use to touch up the lettering?

Charlee 07-05-2012 06:14 AM

Skip...YOU ROCK!! :) Thank you!!

I still haven't figured out how to handle the finish on the Köhler...I think I may end up touching up the lettering, letting the base decals alone, and applying shellac to clear coat and preserve what's left of them.

You did a great job on that slide plate...that had some ugly to it when I sent it to you! :D

Caroline S 07-05-2012 06:32 AM

1 Attachment(s)
​My candidate for Glenn's Method, the Brunswick. Too bad that the cabinet is beyond repair.

ppquilter 07-05-2012 07:29 AM

Wonderful job! Love the decals!

Glenn 07-05-2012 08:46 AM


Originally Posted by jeaninmaine (Post 5340149)
Thanks for the great tutorial, Glenn. I have a few machines that have to cleaned and these directions are just what I need. What kind of gold paint did you use to touch up the lettering?

I used a testors gold paint pin, then used a fine artist brush dipped in the paint on the felt of the pin

Glenn 07-05-2012 08:50 AM


Originally Posted by Charlee (Post 5340556)
Skip...YOU ROCK!! :) Thank you!!

I still haven't figured out how to handle the finish on the Köhler...I think I may end up touching up the lettering, letting the base decals alone, and applying shellac to clear coat and preserve what's left of them.

You did a great job on that slide plate...that had some ugly to it when I sent it to you! :D

Charlee that is about all you can do with the poly. I did not mess with the bed decals either I figure it is wear from using the machine for many years and it would have been very diff to paint all the missing decal there on the front side of the bed. It gives the machine character..... I could not stand the pin rash and just had to something with it.
Skip

jbj137 07-05-2012 09:11 AM

You are so Smart & Dedicated to the restoring art.
You did a beautiful job.
J J

miriam 07-05-2012 09:47 AM

This needs to go on a sticky!!!

Glenn 07-05-2012 10:22 AM


Originally Posted by Caroline S (Post 5340593)
​My candidate for Glenn's Method, the Brunswick. Too bad that the cabinet is beyond repair.

Caroline you have a very good machine for my method of cleaning and bringin it back. Just make sure sure you clean the mechanics first then after the dish soap bath clean the decals with sewing machine oil then wipe the thing down with naptha to remove the oil. Now you can to the shellac tech. Have fun with it.
Skip

miriam 07-05-2012 10:41 AM

5 Attachment(s)
You'll be surprised how nice these machines take to this kind of treatment. Here is a Vindex Special Glenn coached us through.
Attachment 346868
Attachment 346869
Attachment 346870
I don't have a before picture but I have an almost before picture. It is a pic of one in the condition the Vindex Special was in - it is setting in front of the Vindex Special:
Attachment 346871

jeaninmaine 07-05-2012 11:02 AM

Thanks Glenn. I've saved all this so that I'll have it whenever I need it.

Glenn 07-05-2012 02:37 PM

If your machines are fairly clean and the decals are good. Before you try my method please go to MUV's video on cleaning vintage machines. She is extremely good at cleaning the old ladies. My methods are for really grimey and machines that are in rough shape. MUV knows a lot about these machines and has the same love for them as I do. Please do look at her videos first so you can make a choice as which way to go. Thank you..
Skip

jeaninmaine 07-05-2012 02:59 PM

I have a Singer 66 Redeye and a very old Davis treadle from around 1885 that are both in VERY sad shape.

quiltdoctor 07-05-2012 05:50 PM

Another great tutorial, Glenn !! Can't wait to be able to try it out when I am able to.

Texas Jan

redbugsullivan 07-05-2012 06:21 PM


Originally Posted by Glenn (Post 5341096)
Caroline you have a very good machine for my method of cleaning and bringin it back. Just make sure sure you clean the mechanics first then after the dish soap bath clean the decals with sewing machine oil then wipe the thing down with naptha to remove the oil. Now you can to the shellac tech. Have fun with it.
Skip

Your Brunswick is just like my Alvah! Holler and I'll even help you. I love that machine.

cabbagepatchkid 07-05-2012 07:35 PM


Originally Posted by Glenn (Post 5341096)
Caroline you have a very good machine for my method of cleaning and bringin it back. Just make sure sure you clean the mechanics first then after the dish soap bath clean the decals with sewing machine oil then wipe the thing down with naptha to remove the oil. Now you can to the shellac tech. Have fun with it.
Skip

Will the rusty metal parts to Caroline's machine be able to be brought back to shiny like your machine, Glenn? I have a New home machine with rusty metal parts and never thought to use a dremel :shock: .

Also, in the first pic you have a container of Naptha. What did you use it for? I have looked through the tutorial a couple of times and can't find what it was used for. Thanks so much for putting this tute together :thumbup: . I have most of the stuff that I need and will get the rest and get started on my New Home.

pippi65 07-06-2012 06:02 AM

What a great save!! It gives people hope that although the machine looks really ratty it can be saved. You are really dedicated. Nice Job!!

BuzzinBumble 07-06-2012 06:05 AM

What you've done is so impressive! Thank you for sharing your technique!

SewExtremeSeams 07-06-2012 07:15 AM

2 Attachment(s)
Thank you, thank you! What a great tute. I have a question about my Jones Hand Machine. I am afraid to touch it anymore since even putting my finger on the decals lightly, the gold comes off, especially around the top part of the base as in this photo. Should I do your thin layer shellacing first?

Glenn 07-06-2012 10:10 AM


Originally Posted by cabbagepatchkid (Post 5342221)
Will the rusty metal parts to Caroline's machine be able to be brought back to shiny like your machine, Glenn? I have a New home machine with rusty metal parts and never thought to use a dremel :shock: .

Also, in the first pic you have a container of Naptha. What did you use it for? I have looked through the tutorial a couple of times and can't find what it was used for. Thanks so much for putting this tute together :thumbup: . I have most of the stuff that I need and will get the rest and get started on my New Home.

I am sorry the naptha is used to remove any oil on the suface of the machine before doing the shellac thing. The rusty parts need to be soaked in Evaporust to remove the rust. Then I polish with Brasso and a buffing wheel on the demel to a high shine. If the rust has pitted the chrome they can't be polished out but will be less noticeable after polish. As I said I use Brasso but you can use your favorite metal polish. If you look closely at the Franklin you can see pitted areas in the shiny metal. Hope this helps.
Skip

Glenn 07-06-2012 10:14 AM


Originally Posted by SewExtremeSeams (Post 5343199)
Thank you, thank you! What a great tute. I have a question about my Jones Hand Machine. I am afraid to touch it anymore since even putting my finger on the decals lightly, the gold comes off, especially around the top part of the base as in this photo. Should I do your thin layer shellacing first?

If the decal is this delicate, I would get a can of spray shellac (clear) from Lowes or HDepot and sray a light coat over them before cleaning. If you use my finger method it might take them off. Spraying will glue them down for you.

Skip

SewExtremeSeams 07-06-2012 10:34 AM


Originally Posted by Glenn (Post 5343629)
If the decal is this delicate, I would get a can of spray shellac (clear) from Lowes or HDepot and sray a light coat over them before cleaning. If you use my finger method it might take them off. Spraying will glue them down for you.

Skip

Thank you Skip. I will try that.

blueheavenfla 07-06-2012 10:51 AM

Thanks for this tut. I will be of great help to a lot of us. I, too, wondered about the Naphtha. Thanks for clearing that up.

vintagemotif 07-06-2012 01:52 PM

Glenn, Thank you for taking the time posting this tutorial!


All times are GMT -8. The time now is 04:09 AM.



SEO by vBSEO ©2011, Crawlability, Inc.